“Nobody’s perfect.” Cliché? Yes. True? Also, yes.
Need proof? Look no farther than America’s public schools.
New analytics and specialized data enable educators to more easily track where our school districts are excelling—and where they still need work.
Even the best-performing schools have their share of poor-performing students.
Enter the turnaround schools model, a progressive approach to resource allocation and education funding that focuses education investment on targeted areas of weakness, as opposed to across-the-board spending.
Every school, no matter its graduation rates or average test scores, has groups of students who require special attention. In high-performing schools, it’s often easy for these students to get overlooked. The challenge is to identify those students and develop strategies for pulling them up, as this article in Education Week explains.
While no one strategy will work for every district, the article outlines some areas where high-performing school districts should consider focusing their attention. Here are three that stand out:
New learning strategies only work provided you first identify the problem.
This can prove difficult, especially when a school performs well on holistic indicators, such as graduation or class attendance.
The federal Every Student Achieves Act (ESSA) focuses heavily on using aggregated data to recognize subgroups of students who are underperforming, as Education Week points out.
The idea: to close achievement gaps along socio-economic lines in all schools, rather than focus solely on under-performing schools.
With new definitions of school and student success and better access to data, the onus falls on school and district leaders to identify those students who need help and provide solutions to effectively level the academic playing field.
Schools that are most successful at closing achievement gaps customize teaching approaches for struggling students.
Case in point: When Brimhall Elementary School outside Minneapolis set out to tackle its widening achievement gap, principal Penny Bidne and her staff knew they had to rethink their instructional approach.
“We put our heads together,” Bidne told Education Week, “and we really work hard at figuring things out and what we need to have in place for all of our students to be achievers.”
This included the development of grade-level staff teams who discuss specific student performance and new ways to engage struggling students. The school also launched small-group instruction to give struggling students more focused attention. And it implemented a 1-to-1 instructional program for students falling behind in reading.
So far, these and other efforts are paying off. In four short years, the school has been designated a “reward school” for the progress it has made to close the achievement gap in Minnesota.
Closing student achievement gaps requires more than new programs and initiatives. In many high-performing schools, it requires a culture shift.
High-performing schools get used to trumpeting success. That’s good. But it doesn’t preclude them from also admitting weaknesses.
The worst mistake a strong school can make is to overlook or undervalue vital support and resources that lagging students need to succeed.
Peers and parents can play a vital role in this change.
For example, as Education Week reports, Brimhall Elementary implemented a buddy system that empowers successful students to help their struggling peers.
School leadership also held fairs that encouraged student achievement as well as parent nights to make sure parents were equipped to aid their children at home.
Note: Parent and student engagement is vital to the type of student turnarounds we’re talking about here.
Does your school or district provide different ways for struggling students and their families to reach out in search of help when and where they need it? Giving students and parents a voice will help you identify weak spots early and prescribe interventions before students fall off the pace.
Do you work in a high-performing school or district? What approaches do you take to encourage student improvement? Tell us in the comments. Want to give students and parents a way to help you identify and close weak spots in your schools? Start by asking for their feedback.